Garden of the Painter at Saint Clair, 1908
Henri-Edmond Cross, actually Henri-Edmond Delacroix, became a pupil of the painter Alphonse Colas (1818–1887) in Lille in 1878 and began his painting career with realistic pictures in dark colors. In 1881 he continued his artistic training in Paris with François Bonvin and Emile Dupont-Zipcy (1822–1885). In 1883 he took his stage name Cross and met Paul Signac. He increasingly preferred outdoor painting, turned to Impressionism and discovered the French Mediterranean coast.